FEDERAL OFFICIALS DO NOT STOP ELECTION CRIMES before or during elections. Their policy is to investigate and they may prosecute after elections.


The Justice Department has published Federal Prosecution of Election Offenses in eight editions from 1976 to 2017, under Presidents Ford, Carter, Reagan, Clinton, Bush and Trump. The link compares six of the editions which are online.


Sentencing guidelines are too light to deter major fraud. Election offenses start at "level" 8 to 14, which give prison terms for a first offender of 0-21 months and a $2,000-$75,000 fine. Sentences can be adjusted up or down depending on circumstances. Actual sentences range from nothing to 3 years


Citizens can sue over discriminatory effects, but lack standing in court to challenge procedures which hurt everyone:

       Courts found that almost no one has standing in the US to challenge results, or get evidence.

       "Ultimately, and as our sister courts have found, a vote cast by fraud, mailed in by the wrong person, or otherwise compromised during the elections process has an impact on the final tally and thus on the proportional effect of every vote, but no single voter is specifically disadvantaged."

       The European "Code of Good Practice" sets an international standard that "All candidates and all voters registered in the constituency concerned must be entitled to appeal." "The appeal body must have authority in particular over such matters as the right to vote including electoral registers and eligibility, the validity of candidatures, proper observance of election campaign rules and the outcome of the elections." "It is necessary to eliminate formalism, and so avoid decisions of inadmissibility, especially in politically sensitive cases."


Federal officials pretend that cyber defenses are effective, even when many states do not audit.


Federal officials also hide actual attacks by hackers:

       Florida registrations,

       VR Systems (election night reporting and voter lists),

       Russian ownership of election web host (minute 6:54 of video),

       August 2016 email to states (pp.146-151), etc. States ignored the August and October 2016 warnings, because states are used to internet scanning; federal officials did not say this scanning was from a nation state, and could not answer questions (pp.49,51 of Senate report)

Federal law requires old election materials to be kept for 22 months (pp.75-79)

Each FBI office has an Election Crimes Coordinator (ECC) "to assist state and local election officials with any incidents related to an election crime." FBI explains election crimes to its agents & the public.

Each US Attorney's Office has a District Election Officer (DEO) with a 2-year term, whose number is publicized locally to hear about fraud.